The scale of livestock production, facilitated by the global shift towards industrialisation, is a major contributor to climate change. This model of production causes significant harm to biodiversity, air, soil, and water pollution which in turn demonstrably contribute to and are worsened by climate change. Moreover, industrial animal farming contributes to increased zoonoses and other public health impacts and negatively affects farmers’ and workers’ rights and animal welfare. However, livestock can be a beneficial part of agricultural landscapes, improving soil fertility, biodiversity and agricultural diversification. It is integral to many farming systems, playing an important economic and socio-cultural role in rural households. Depending on its management and relation to global value chains, livestock rearing can have a dramatically different environmental, climatic, social and animal welfare impact. Well-managed pasture-based systems can contribute to climate resilience and adaptation.
CAN Submission to KJWA: Improved livestock management systems, including agropastoral production systems November 2020