CAN welcomes the efforts of the Members of the Open Working Group on SDGs to provide a coherent and comprehensive list of goals and targets in their report to the UN General Assembly. In advance of the next OWG session we would like to offer comments and suggestions on behalf of CAN to support the process and provide constructive input.
As we wrap up in Bonn, New York is preparing to host an equally important process, the penultimate session of the Open Working Group (OWG) on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
ECO’s done its homework and can tell you that the linkage between climate change, poverty eradication and sustainable development makes it clear that the post-2015 sustainable development framework will fail if climate change is not adequately addressed within it.
In an open letter, more than 170 civil society organisations and networks, from over 50 developed and developing countries, have called for the “framework to address climate change in a manner that recognises the urgency and importance of dealing with the most fundamental challenge of our time”.
They call for a separate, stand-alone climate change goal, and for climate elements to be included in other relevant goals: “A robust framework of this nature will help to support the scale of ambition needed to achieve the UNFCCC’s aims and help to ensure the delivery of a strong climate deal at COP21 in Paris in 2015”.
ECO expects negotiators in New York to take note: strong and ambitious climate goals need to be part of the SDGs.
To: Co-chairs and members of the Open Working Group (OWG) on SDGs
Cc: Amina J. Mohammed, Special Adviser on post-2015 to the UN Secretary General
Supporting a strong and visible representation of climate change in the SDGs
12 June 2014
Dear Members of the OWG on SDGs,
We are writing to thank you for your ongoing efforts to ensure that climate change is appropriately reflected in the latest version of the focus area document.
We believe that climate change is an existential threat to humankind and global efforts to overcome poverty and achieve sustainable development. Therefore, we also believe that climate change must be visibly reflected in the future Sustainable Development Goal framework.
A SDG framework without climate change action as a strong backbone would not be sustainable or credible, nor would it help to lay the foundations for future international action and cooperation on sustainable development and poverty eradication. Therefore, the framework must address climate change in a manner that recognises the urgency and importance of dealing with the most fundamental challenge of our time. This includes targets under relevant goals as well as a separate climate change goal.
Ahead of the next two meetings of the Open Working Group, we are asking for your continued commitment to maintain and increase the visibility of climate change in the suggested goals and targets, especially as difficult choices (and necessary sacrifices) clearly lie ahead as the overall number of goals and targets are reduced.
Specifically, the post-2015 development framework must contain a coherent set of goals and targets which
- support the achievement of poverty eradication and sustainable development
- promote human rights and build community resilience through adaptation to the harmful impacts of climate change, and
- contribute to a global low-carbon development pathway and to keeping global warming below dangerous levels through significant emissions reductions,
We believe that a robust framework of this nature will help to support the scale of ambition needed to achieve the UNFCCC’s aims and help to ensure the delivery of a strong climate deal at COP21 in Paris in 2015.
1 Abibiman Foundation Ghana
2 Abiodun Adebayo Welfare Foundation Nigeria
3 Aboriginal Rights Coalition -Australia Australia
4 ACT alliance International
5 African Union Youth Volunteer Corps & Youth Assembly Kenya
African Women’s Network for Community Management of
Forests (REFACOF) Cameroon
7 Alian.a de Batistas do Brasil Brazil
Alianza Nicaraguense ante el Cambio Clim.tico - ANACC -
Focal.a Nacional ante VdS Nicaragua
9 Alianza para un Mundo Verde Nicaragua
10 All India Women's Conference India
Anglican EcoCare Commission, Anglican Church Diocese of
12 Anti corruption coalition Uganda Uganda
13 APEDDUB Tunisia
14 Armenian Women for Health and Healthy Environment Argentina
15 Ashoka Sahel Senegal
16 Asociacion Nochari Nicaragua
Asociacion Raxch'och Oxlaju Aj (AROAJ) Tierra Verde 13
AJ /Green Land 13 AJ Guatemala
18 Associa..o de Defesa do Patrim.nio de M.rtola Portugal
19 Associa..o de Semin.rios Teol.gicos - ASTE Brazil
Association des Femmes Peules Autochtones du Tchad
21 Association For Sustainable Human Development Armenia
22 Baltic Environmental Forum Lithuania Lithuania
Better Education for all befa foundation Pakistan .Literate
Pakistan Programme Pakistan
24 Beyond Copenhagen Collective India
25 BLEJAN, Ecological, Social, business support NGO Armenia
26 Brot für die Welt Germany
27 Buryat Regional Organization on Lake Baikal Russia
28 CAN West Africa
29 Canadian Council for International Co-operation Canada
30 CARE International International
31 Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)
32 Center for Participatory Research and Development-CPRD Bangladesh
33 Center for Women, the Earth, the Divine (C:WED)
34 Cento de Estudos B.blicos - CEBI Brazil
1 Coordination contact: Sven Harmeling, email@example.com
Centre for Community Economics and Development
Consultants Society (CECOEDECON) India
36 Centre for Human Rights and Climate Change Research Nigeria
37 Centro Alexander von Humboldt Nicaragua
Centro Ecum.nico de Evangeliza..o, capacita..o e
Assessoria - CECA Brazil
Centro Ecum.nico de Servi.o . Evangeliza..o e Educa..o
Popular - CESEEP Brazil
40 CHIPUA Tanzania
41 Christian Aid International
42 Churches Action in Relief and Development Malawi
43 CIDSE International
44 Citizens for Public Justice Canada
45 Civil Society Network on Climate Change in Liberia Liberia
46 Clean Energy Nepal Nepal
Climate Action Network Canada - R.seau action climat
48 Climate Action Network Eastern Africa (CAN-EA) Uganda
49 Climate Action Network Europe (CAN-E) Europe
50 Climate Action Network Uganda (CAN-U) Uganda
51 Climate Change Network Nigeria Nigeria
Coalicion de los Pueblos por la Soberania Alimentaria
Capitulo Guatemala Guatemala
53 Comiss.o Ecum.nica de Combate ao Racismo - CENACORA Brazil
54 Comiss.o Ecum.nica dos Direitos da Terra - CEDITER Brazil
55 Community Initiatives for Development in Pakistan-CIDP Pakistan
56 Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd International
57 Conselho Latino-americano de Igrejas do Brasil – CLAI Brasil Brazil
58 Conselho Nacional de Igrejas Crist.s do Brasil – CONIC Brazil
59 Coordenadoria Ecum.nica de Servi.o – CESE Brazil
60 Dayemi Foundation Bangladesh
61 Dia Mundial de Ora..o Brazil
62 DIACONIA Brazil
63 Diakonia Sweden / International
64 Earth Day Network International
65 Ecological Christian Organisation (ECO) Uganda
66 ENDA Tiers Monde Senegal
67 Environic Foundation International USA
68 Environmental Alert Uganda
70 Envi Sudan Sudan
71 Equidad de G.nero: Ciudadan.a, Trabajo y Familia Mexico
72 Feminist Task Force Global
FIELD - Foundation for International Environmental Law &
74 Finnish NGDO Platform to the EU, Kehys Finland
75 For Our Grandchildren (4RG) Canada
76 Forest Peoples Programme UK
77 FoRS - Czech Forum for Development Co-operation Czech Republic
78 Foundation to support civil initiatives (Dastgirie-Center) Tajikistan
79 Funda..o Gon.alo da Silveira Portugal
80 Funda..o Luterana de Diaconia - FLD Brazil
81 Fundacion Fe y Comunidad. Venezuela
82 Fundaci.n Hondure.a de Amiente y Desarrollo Vida Honduras
83 Fundacion POPOL NA Nicaragua
84 Gender and Water Alliance Internationaal
85 Germanwatch Germany
Global Campaign Agianst Poverty and Hunger in Liberia
87 Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
88 Grassrooots CSOs Network of Liberia Liberia
89 Green Alliance Belarus
90 Green13 Canada
91 Guinee Ecologie Guinea
92 Heinrich Boell Foundation North America USA
93 Help and Development Organization Pakistan
94 IBIS Denmark
95 IBON International Philippines/Global
96 Igreja Cat.lica Apost.lica Romana Brazil
97 Igreja Episcopal Anglicana do Brasil Brazil
98 Igreja Evang.lica de Confiss.o Luterana no Brasil Brazil
99 Igreja Presbiteriana Independente do Brasil Brazil
100 Igreja Presbiteriana Unida do Brasil Brazil
101 Igreja Sirian Ortodoxa de Antioquia Brazil
102 InspirAction Spain
103 Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) Indonesia
104 International Alliance of Women international
105 International Public organisation "Ecoproject "Partnership" Belarus
106 Irthlingz Arts-Based Environmental Education 501(c)(3) United States
107 Janathakshan Sri Lanka
108 Just Earth Canada
Justice, Development and Peace Commission, Ijebu Ode,
110 klima-allianz deutschland Germany
111 KOINONIA – Presen.a Ecum.nica e Servi.o Brazil
112 Labour,Health and Human Rights Development Centre Argentina
Leadership for Environment and Development Southern
and Eastern Africa Malawi
114 Leigos para o Desenvolvimento Portugal
Liberia Youth Initiative for Peace and Sustainable
Development, LYIPSUD Liberia
116 Loretto Community United States
117 Manos Unidas Spain
118 Mesa Nacional para la Gesti.n de Riesgo - Nicaragua Nicaragua
119 Motivation Charitable Trust UK
120 Multi Stakeholder Forestry Program (MSFP) Nepal (South Asia)
121 National Ecological Centre of Ukraine Ukraine
National Non-Governmental Development Cooperation
Organisations' Platform (NGDO Platform) Lithuania
123 National Toxics Network Australasian region
124 Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC)
United States /
New Space for Patnership from Development in Central
African Central African Republic
Niger Delta Women's movement for Peace and
127 Norwegian Church Aid Norway
128 Ohaha Family foundation Nigeria
129 Oikos - Coopera..o e Desenvolvimento Portugal
130 ONG Carbone Guin.e Guinea
131 Oxfam International International
132 P3 Foundation New Zealand
133 PAIRVI India
134 Peoples Movement on Climate Change Philippines (but global)
135 Peruvian American Medical Society Peru
136 Plant-for-the-Planet Foundation
137 Polish Climate Coalition Poland
138 Popolation and Climate Change Africa Forum (PACCAF) International
139 Population Matters UK
140 Programa de Forma..o e Educa..o Comunit.ria – PROFEC Brazil
141 psicodiferentes Argentina
142 Quercus -National Association for Nature Conservation Portugal
143 Ramfa(Rehomfa) youth track welfare Org India
144 RED Educacion Popular entre Mujeres (REPEM)
145 Rede Ecum.nica da Juventude – REJU Brazil
146 Regional NGO "Sailing Academy" Russia
147 Republican Centre for Children and Youth GUTTA-CLUB Moldova
Reseau Action Climat-france/ Reseau Climat &
149 Rwanda Environmental Conservation Organisation ( RECOR) Rwanda
150 Save the Children International
151 SIDS Youth AIMS Hub Mauritius
152 Society of Catholic Medical Missionaries USA
Sudanese Network for Environment and Development
Support for Women in Agriculture and Environment
Sustainable Development Initiatives - DVI (VšĮ "DVI Darnaus
vystymo inciciatyvos") Lithuania
156 SustainUS: U.S. Youth for Sustainable Development United States
Suswatch (Observatorio de la Sostenibilidad) - Focal.a
158 Telus planet Canada
159 Temple of Understanding
160 TESE Engeeniars Without Borders Portugal
161 Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development Uganda
162 Ukrainian youth climate association Ukraine
163 Union of Concerned Scientists USA
United Nations Association Southern NY State Division
Energy Project United States
165 Universidade Popular - UNIPOP Brazil
166 VIMAS WASH ENTERPRISE GHANA
167 Wake-Up Call Sweden / International
168 WECF International International
169 Welthungerhilfe Germany
Wetlands International International
170 Women for Peace and Ecology, Germany Germany
Women Organizing for Change in Agriculture & Natural
Resource Management International
172 Women's Environment and Development Organization International
173 World Aquarium / Conservation for the Oceans Foundation United States
174 World Council of Churches International
175 Worldview Mission International
176 Zambia Climate Change Network Zambia
177 ZCO-ECOLO Benin
CAN welcomes the efforts of the Members of the Open Working Group on SDGs to provide a coherent and comprehensive list of goals and targets in their report to the UN General Assembly. In advance of the next OWG session we would like to offer comments and suggestions on behalf of CAN to support the process and provide constructive input.
For CAN, the key points for the SDGs are:
- CAN is convinced that the Sustainable Development (SDGs) frameworks should include a goal on addressing climate change as well as mainstreaming climate action across all other relevant goals. Only then will action on climate change get the visibility that it deserves due to its importance, relevance and urgency.
- CAN further believes that bringing the post‐2015 development process and the UNFCCC process into alignment can help deliver the scale of ambitions needed to achieve the aims of both processes, namely preventing dangerous anthropogenic climate change whilst eradication poverty and achieving sustainable development.
- For CAN climate action climate action in this context means that all countries, respective to their differentiated responsibilities and capacities, ensure the transition to low/zero carbon development, build adaptive capacities and resilience to environmental shocks and stresses, especially of poor and vulnerable communities.
COMMENTS ON THE CHAPEAU AND TARGETS
Poverty eradication is the greatest global challenge facing the world today and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. We are therefore committed to freeing humanity from poverty and hunger as a matter of urgency.
We recognize that poverty eradication, changing unsustainable and promoting sustainable patterns of consumption and production and protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social development are the overarching objectives of and essential requirements for sustainable development.
We reaffirm our commitment to fully implement the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg Plan of Implementation) and the Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States (Barbados Programme of Action) and the Mauritius Strategy for the Further Implementation of the Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States. We also reaffirm our commitment to the full implementation of the Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries for the Decade 2011-2020 (Istanbul Programme of Action), the Almaty Programme of Action: Addressing the Needs of Landlocked Developing Countries within a New Global Framework for Transit Transport Cooperation for Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries, the political declaration on Africa’s development needs, and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development.
We reiterate our commitment to the achievement of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity, and call for urgent actions that effectively reduce the rate of, halt and reverse the loss of biodiversity. In this context, we affirm the importance of implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and achieving the Aichi Targets adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention at its Tenth meeting. (The future we want, para 198)
We reaffirm that we continue to be guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, with full respect for international law and its principles. We further reaffirm the importance of freedom, peace and security, respect for all human rights, including the right to development and the right to an adequate standard of living, including the right to food, the rule of law, good governance, gender equality, women’s empowerment and the overall commitment to just and democratic societies for development. We reaffirm the importance of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as well as other international instruments relating to human rights and international law.
We reaffirm that climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time, and we express profound alarm that emissions of greenhouse gases continue to rise globally.[…] In this regard we emphasize that adaptation to climate change represents an immediate and urgent global priority. (The future we want, para 190)
We underscore that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible cooperation by all countries and their participation in an effective and appropriate international response, with a view to accelerating the reduction of global greenhouse gas emissions. (The future we want, para 191)
We recognize that people are at the centre of sustainable development and, in this regard, we strive for a world that is just, equitable and inclusive, and we commit to work together to promote sustained and inclusive economic growth, social development and environmental protection and thereby to benefit all.
We affirm that there are different approaches, visions, models and tools available to each country, in accordance with its national circumstances and priorities, to achieve sustainable development in its three dimensions.
We recognize that each country faces specific challenges to achieve sustainable development, and we underscore the special challenges facing the most vulnerable countries and, in particular, African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States, as well as the specific challenges facing the middle-income countries. Countries in situations of conflict also need special attention.
We reaffirm all the principles of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, including, inter alia, the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities, as set out in principle 7 thereof.
We reaffirm our commitment to strengthen international cooperation to address the persistent challenges related to sustainable development for all, in particular in developing countries. Sustainable development can only be achieved with a broad alliance of people, governments, civil society and the private sector, all working together to secure the future we want for present and future generations.
We reaffirm that the means of implementation identified in Agenda 21, the Programme for the Further Implementation of Agenda 21, the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, the Monterrey Consensus of the International Conference on Financing for Development and the Doha Declaration on Financing for Development are indispensable for achieving the full and effective translation of sustainable development commitments into tangible sustainable development outcomes. We reiterate that each country has primary responsibility for its own economic and social development and that the role of national policies, domestic resources and development strategies cannot be overemphasized. We reaffirm that developing countries need additional resources for sustainable development. We recognize the need for significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources and the effective use of financing, in order to promote sustainable development. We acknowledge that good governance and the rule of law at the national and international levels are essential for sustained, inclusive and equitable economic growth, sustainable development and the eradication of poverty and hunger.
Sustainable Development Goals are accompanied by targets and will be further elaborated through indicators focused on measurable outcomes. They are action oriented, global in nature and universally applicable to all countries, while taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities. They integrate economic, social and environmental aspects and recognize their interlinkages in achieving sustainable development in all its dimensions.
List of Proposed Sustainable Development Goals to be attained by 2030
- End poverty in all its forms everywhere
- End hunger, achieve food security and adequate nutrition for all, and promote sustainable agriculture
- Attain healthy life for all at all ages
- Provide equitable and inclusive quality education and life-long learning opportunities for all
- Attain gender equality, empower women and girls everywhere
- Secure water and sanitation for all for a sustainable world
- Ensure access to affordable, sustainable, and reliable modern energy services for all
- Promote strong, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and decent work for all
- Promote sustainable industrialization
- Reduce inequality within and among countries
- Build inclusive, safe and sustainable cities and human settlements
- Promote sustainable consumption and production patterns
- Promote actions at all levels to address climate change
- Attain conservation and sustainable use of marine resources, oceans and seas
- Protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems and halt all biodiversity loss
- Achieve peaceful and inclusive societies, rule of law, effective and capable institutions
- Strengthen and enhance the means of implementation and global partnership for sustainable development
Dear Mr. Chair,
I am Lina Dabbagh and I am speaking on behalf of Climate Action Network and Beyond 2015.
We are united on the need to keep a dedicated climate change goal in a Post-2015 development framework. During the past days we have come here together in New York to try and frame a future for universal sustainable development that eradicates poverty. At this point, we have heard about poverty eradication, on how to promote sustainable agriculture, food security, health and economic growth, but as the OWG have heard from previous contributors in this process, all our efforts to achieve sustainable development and poverty eradication in the long term are nothing without addressing climate change.
CAN and Beyond 2015 welcome the “Working Document for OWG-11” , it is positive to see that climate change retains the level of visibility required and that several focus areas include targets contributing to climate change mitigation, adaptation and resilience, including food and agriculture, cities, and energy. We cannot imagine a sustainable development framework guiding the international community for the coming 15 years that does not explicitly highlight climate change as a defining existential development issue and the threat multiplier of our time. Without a strong focus on climate change, any future development framework will not be sustainable.
Addressing climate change is a prerequisite to ending poverty and its urgency and importance is best reflected by having a goal and integration throughout.
Also having a dedicated goal on climate change in the new development agenda sends a positive political signal that climate change is a major development issue affecting poverty eradication and underpins the imperative for a positive level of ambition shown at the Conference of the Parties in Paris.
In the general assembly report “The future we want”, Countries acknowledged the centrality of climate change, to the development agenda reaffirming ‘that climate change is a cross-cutting and persistent crisis’ and ‘the scale and gravity of the negative impacts of climate change affect all countries and undermine the ability of all countries, in particular, developing countries, to achieve sustainable development [...] and threaten the viability and survival of nations’.
Member States need to address this centrality by including a dedicated climate change goal, as well as mainstreaming climate action across all other relevant goals. This applies in particular to goals related to economic growth or industrialization. Inclusive and sustainable growth must ensure shared prosperity for all while remaining within the safe ecological limits of our planet.
CAN and Beyond 2015 further believe that the post‐2015 development process and the UNFCCC process are complementary to each other and should capitalize on their potential mutual benefits in order to ensure the two processes strengthen each other.
Developing a coherent set of goals that reduce emissions and enable adaptation will support the scale of ambition needed to achieve the aims of both processes, namely preventing dangerous anthropogenic climate change, eradicating extreme poverty and achieving sustainable development.
Mr. Chair - not adequately addressing climate change will make it very hard for many civil society constituencies to indorse the post-2015 Sustainable Development Framework.
Thank you Mr. Chair
There is growing global recognition that climate change is a critical development challenge and one of the most important issues that could undermine sustainable development and poverty eradication if not properly addressed. Furthermore, choosing sustainable development pathways will in turn lead to action on climate change so both must be considered together.
Climate Action Network (CAN) thinks that the Sustainable Development (SDGs) frameworks should include a goal on addressing climate change as well as mainstreaming climate action across all other relevant goals. Only then will action on climate change get the visibility that it deserves due to its importance, relevance and urgency.
CAN further believes that bringing the post-2015 development process and the UNFCCC process into alignment can help deliver the scale of ambitions needed to achieve the aims of both processes, namely preventing dangerous anthropogenic climate change whilst eradicating poverty, and achieving sustainable development.
For CAN, climate action in this context means that all countries, respective to their differentiated responsibilities and capabilities, ensure the transition to low/zero-carbon development with a view to phase out net greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, build adaptive capacities and resilience to environmental shocks and stresses, especially of poor and vulnerable communities.
BACKGROUND: Two processes, one important year
2015 is an important year: it is the year in which intergovernmental negotiators will agree the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as priorities of the next international development framework, as well as a new, global, legally-binding climate agreement. There is much at stake as together these two agreements will shape the future of the planet and all who live on it, for generations to come.
Politically, the post-2015 and UNFCCC process are discrete processes; however, the decisions taken within one will have critical implications for the other. The agreement reached under the UNFCCC will, for example, influence whether post-2015 development will be implemented in a two, three, four (or more) degree world, and the SDGs will influence not only how resilient and well adapted to the effects of climate change poor and vulnerable communities will be, but also the pace and carbon intensity of development in all countries.
Countries acknowledged the centrality of climate change to the post-2015 development agenda reaffirming ‘that climate change is a cross-cutting and persistent crisis’ and ‘the scale and gravity of the negative impacts of climate change affect all countries and undermine the ability of all countries, in particular, developing countries, to achieve sustainable development [...] and threaten the viability and survival of nations. Therefore [countries] underscore that combating climate change requires urgent and ambitious action’..
This is not an official submission, but more of discussion paper based on the questions posed to stakeholders by the committee before its third sesssion and the multistakeholder dialogue.
1. Does the effectiveness and sustainability of a sustainable development financing strategy depend on systemic reforms of the international financial architecture? If so, which reforms are needed?
Sustainable development finance needs to address inequalities both between and inside countries. It must also secure global public goods, such as clean air and water, as well as climate change mitigation, adaption, and protecting biodiversity.
Currently, the financial sector's incentive structures favor short-termism, excessive and often societally harmful speculation, and a disregard for the long-term viability of the real economy and our natural surroundings. The underpricing of environmental assets, risks and externalities has enabled the GDP to grow, but it has also led to us as humanity using up the natural base of our wellbeing. The increasing financialisation of natural goods that has mobilised significant amounts of capital to commodities sectors has thus far only accelerated unsustainable practices.
Several things must change:
- Negative externalities must be priced according to their real-life impacts and the most unsustainable practices must be outright banned. Positive externalities must be given more weight when valuing returns.
- Incentive structures must consider the long-term impacts of investment decisions.
- Rules must be changed so that alongside a narrow "fiduciary duty" towards shareholders, corporations' operations are assessed in light of their broader impacts.
- Countries must be given the right to regulate capital flows when there is a clear social or environmental benefit to doing so, and to change unsustainable laws without fear of multi-billion dollar dispute settlements.
- International financial institutions have in many places been the drivers of the present unsustainable financial practices and the ideology behind them: they must now be at the forefront of sustainable finance. The mandate of IFIs and national DFIs should be revised so as to put sustainability first - even if this means foregoing short-term financial returns.
Side Event Report: Risks and opportunities of different scenarios for integrating climate change into post-2015
Hosted by: CAFOD, CAN International, Beyond2015, UN Millennium Campaign
9 January, 2014
French Development Minister—lead UNFCCC negotiator, Pascal Canfin
· Top priority of the French now because hosting COP21 in Paris in 2015
· Want to set a positive mood for success in Paris on climate
· Don’t want to export all the problems and obstacles that are still unsolved in the COP process to the SDG discussion—otherwise counterproductive
· Discussing SDGs and a new development pattern without discussing climate change is nonsense a
· At the beginning of the century for the World Bank climate change wasn’t an issue—the issue was how to fight poverty and climate change was out of the scope. Now they launched a report and 4 degree warming – main threats on food security and other issues is climate change
· 2 dangers in the process-the first is to duplicate and export the UNFCCC problems
· second danger is to forget about climate in the SDGs
· Do we want an SDG on climate? French view—the only agreement that we have on climate so far is to keep global warming under 2 degree warming. If we are able to take this on board and not to open how to make this happen, why not have an objective on climate?
· If we have a proper objective on climate, which is 2 degree target, there will be targets and indicators on which there is no agreement. If we go down this line, we are going to export the issues of the UNFCCC
· The best option: the climate objective of 2 degree in the broad vision of the whole purpose of the SDG process and to see taking this into account what odes it mean to have a world of below 2 degrees warming in terms of transportation, agriculture, urbanization, etc—using the SDG process that gives substance to things outside of the COP process. Using the complementarity of the process more than the overlapping areas
· SDG process objective by objective would focus on how to implement the 2 degree objective in terms of cities, agriculture, transportation, energy etc
Ronald Jumeau, Climate change Amb to Seychelles
· Cannot be a successful post-2015 agenda and set of SDGs without successfully tackling climate change
· A weak climate agreement in 2015 will cripple if not doom attempts to have a truly effective post-2015 framework
· The SDGs and agenda won’t mean a thing if the SIDS aren’t even around to benefit from them or achieve them
· There cannot be sustainable development without survival and there can’t be survival without tackling climate change
· How do we do this without being accused of encroaching on the UNFCCC negotiations?
· It’s understandable for the people in the post-2015 process to be wary of how climate change can be included in the agenda because of the UNFCCC political issues
· AOSIS feels that they can’t place all the hopes in the formal negotiations as of now—informal alliance with LDCs on this. So the climate agreement in 2015 won’t be ambitious enough so there has to be some thinking outside the silos
· Climate change conference in Durban – approached negotiating partners outside of the formal negotiations to see what countries can do before 2020 to increase mitigation ambition and take urgent and effective action outside of the negotiations themselves? To increase what countries are already doing?
· No formal obligation to adopt negotiation pledges there already exists a range of policies and technologies that countries are using cost-effectively to reduce emissions – many actions have benefits for adaptation, reducing pollution, fiscal stability and competitiveness etc. If we can scale up these actions it can help increase ambition in the negotiations
· Can’t you translate these actions into the formal agreements?
· Energy—large emissions from fossil fuels –every country in the world seems to have embarked on or a plan/strategy for renewable energy as part of national and collective actions to tackle climate change.
· Found a willingness with negotiating partners to see how countries can help each other enhance and replicate what countries are already doing or willing to do in transportation, energy, buildings etc
· We are not waiting for a climate agreement to take action, we are acting now but we need help doing it (MOI). So if we tackle these MOI issues now, it will help the negotiations later.
· Would bring in civil society/academia/private and public sector—opens a door for governors and mayors
· Danger of bringing in the attitudes from the other negotiations into the post-2015 process, but even major emitters which are reluctant to make or increase commitments under the formal process, even they wanted to talk about this.
· Warsaw decided to accelerate this initiative by launching a technical process on how this could be done. In the UNFCCC process—they are looking at it from a sustainable development angle.
· Not a question of if it should be done but it should be done. But how do we do it? Based on AOSIS’ experience on getting people to think outside the siloes.
Olav Kjørven—Special Adviser to the UNDP Administrator on the Post-2015 Development Agenda
· Strongly agree with Minister when made the point that it is naïve to think that the things that can’t be resolved in the UNFCCC process can be solved in another when many of the same people show up
· Lots of scope for significant synergy when we go beyond looking at the UNFCCC process in a narrow sense (Workstream 2 in the ADP)
· Option 4 in the options paper: (based on science), is probably not realistic at this point. What should it look like if scientific knowledge were to reign supreme. We need to work further on option 4, not because it’s necessarily realistic, but we need to strive for this.
· Option 3 is interesting to discuss because with the mainstreaming (option 1) and this, it could help things progress – build flexibility in the UNFCCC framework with a placeholder approach
· Critical to frame the climate related goal language in developmental terms (has to be a about dev and reducing poverty and increasing good conditions for people all over the world)—none of the proposals have so far done this
· Have to force ourselves to think more about where we want to be in 2030 than where we are now in terms of political realities.
· Post-2015 agenda really is about where we want to be in 2030 and long term
Wael Hmaidan, Director of CAN International:
· In November OWG session on energy—had a side event for this paper and there was a lot of skepticism, but this week there is more positive energy for the paper and how climate change should be reflected – should really look at this and realize that political will does change
· Having climate change part of the development agenda is key
· Ministries of Environment are often in charge of climate change and it doesn’t become very high on the agendas, because it’s not development in that regard. Having part of the development movement moves it higher up the agenda
· Want to continue working on a new draft of the paper based on the discussions this week and hopefully finalize a new draft in the next month or so
· The narrative option is not enough—basically only having climate change in the narrative. Important to have it in the narrative but not enough. Helps it not just be an environmental issue to redefine it as a developmental issue
· Option 1: climate proofing of goals—address climate change in the goals. What we already sort of have consensus on because most people agree that we cannot have goals without addressing their sustainability and climate change. Urbanization goal has to address CO2 and GHG emissions. Lowest common denominator
· Options 2 -4 for a climate goal.
· Options 3: using existing agreements for a goal—keeping 2 degrees warming that’s already been agreed upon by UNFCCC. Problem with this goal is that the Summit for post-2015 is 7 weeks before COP21 so whatever ends up in the SDGs might not be relevant depending on what comes out of Paris.
· Option 4: most ambitious and based on science –provides increased momentum
· Civil society is looking at a phaseout of GHG emissions goal—doesn’t have to be a year, but a goal provides a vision of how we want society to look like. Includes elements of what the OWG Co-Chairs said about not being threatening etc. How we want to develop towards a future.
Frederick D’Souza, Caritas India Director:
· Different views of climate change – some people believe it’s normal, some believe it’s caused from only natural disasters, and some believe it’s from humans
· In India see the impacts of climate change
· For all our needs there is enough—development should be based on a need, not greed.
· No risk of losing binding commitments
· Governments have to come to the UNFCCC and say their positions and try to reach agreement—mandated by the UN that they have to meet and have a legally binding commitment. Phase-out would be voluntary and a vision and would provide room for growth
· Planetary boundaries—one is the climate and CO2 but so many issues and not sure that putting them all together would be helpful. Ex. Oceans, climate and other ones are so interlinked and if climate change alone is creating all this discussion, it would be even worse if you lumped them together
· SIDS are always out there pushing the envelope and if there’s a way to get away with it, this is out. AOSIS has never been shy about this stuff.
· The reason SIDS are pushing the workstream 2 and things outside the formal process is to get stuff done and countries to commit to things in the parallel process and show that they’re already doing it.
Author: Bernadette Fischler, CAFOD. With contributions from: Rachel Garthwaite, Save the Children, Ruth Fuller and Dominic White, WWF UK, Sven Harmeling and Kit Vaughan, CARE, Sarah Wykes, Graham Gordon and Neva Frecheville, CAFOD, Lis Wallace, Progressio. (Supported by CAN and Beyond2015 but not an official position)
At the 2012 Rio+20 conference all countries agreed that climate change is a major obstacle to sustainable development and poverty eradication. This is supported by the experience of people living in poverty and vulnerability and major UN reports feeding into post-2015.3 Science further underlines the immediate need for action in all areas, including international development. The urgency for action is underpinned by climate science and the window of opportunity for avoiding dangerous climate change is rapidly closing. Even a 2˚C world will undermine development gains and make attaining post-2015 objectives more difficult. The post-2015 framework must help to make climate action in all countries happen without further delay and must support poor people to respond to climate impacts they are experiencing already.
The purpose of this paper is to describe different options for including climate change in the post-2015 framework, and to facilitate a more informed and constructive debate by providing suggestions for possible target areas. A series of approaches to addressing climate change are discussed, including a "light touch‟ or narrative-only approach in option 0; mainstreaming climate change targets to make all relevant goals "climate-smart‟ in option 1; and three potential options for a ‟stand-alone‟ climate goal in options 2-4.
None of these approaches are mutually exclusive. A truly committed post-2015 development framework would do all of these things. However, recognising the political nature of this process, we highlight the benefits and trade-offs associated with each to help informed decision-making.
This paper builds on two papers presented during a workshop in October in London and the Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (OWG on SDGs) meeting in November 2013. They have been put together by a group of development and environment organisations with the support of Beyond 2015 and CAN-International, two major global NGO networks involved in this agenda.