Tag: Mitigation

CAN Submission: Cancun Building Blocks, October 2010

THE POST-COPENHAGEN ROAD

A fair, ambitious and binding deal is needed more urgently than ever. Climate science is more compelling by the day. Impacts are coming harder and faster. Disastrous flooding in Pakistan, heat waves and forest fires in Russia and hottest recorded temperatures around the globe, amongst other devastating climate-related events, all point to the need for urgent action. Levels of warming once thought to be safe, may well not be, 1.5˚C is the new 2˚C. 

Negotiations Post-Copenhagen
Copenhagen was a watershed moment for public interest and support for climate action – and people have not lost interest. More people in more countries than ever have put their governments on notice that they expect a fair,
ambitious and binding global deal to be agreed urgently. Trust-building is essential after the disappointment of Copenhagen. Developed country leadership must be at the core of trust building efforts. Countries must show
their commitment to the UNFCCC process by driving it forward with political will and flexible positions, rather than endless rounds of repetitive negotiations. Many countries are troublingly pessimistic for Cancun, and are working to lower expectations. While others, including countries most vulnerable to climate change, maintain high expectations.

Challenges ahead of Cancun
There are many challenges to getting a full fair, ambitious and binding deal at Cancun, including:

  • Lack of a shared vision for the ultimate objective of the agreement, and the equitable allocation of the remaining carbon budget and emissions reduction/limitation commitments;
  • Sharp divisions on the legal form of an eventual outcome;
  • Failure of the US Senate to pass comprehensive legislation this year; and
  • Current economic difficulties facing many countries, which make it difficult to mobilize the substantial commitments to long-term climate finance needed as part of any ambitious agreement. 

Positive moves afoot
However, more and more countries, both developing and developed, are stepping up their efforts to pursue low-carbon development and adaptation, despite the absence of an international agreement. This can be seen in a variety of ways:

  • Investments in renewable energies have continued their exponential growth, increasing to 19% of global energy consumed;
  • Progressive countries are working to move the negotiations forward;
  • There is a growing perception that low-carbon and climate-resilient development is the only option to sustainably ensure the right to development and progress in poverty reduction. 

So, what does a pathway forward look like?

Firstly we must learn the lessons of Copenhagen. The “nothing’s agreed until everything’s agreed” dynamic from Copenhagen could mean that nothing would be agreed in Cancun. An agreement in Cancun should instead be a balanced and significant step toward reaching a full fair, ambitious & binding deal at COP 17 in South Africa. This will require parties to work together in good faith to create sufficient gains at Cancun, and a clear roadmap to South Africa. This paper outlines how that could be achieved. 

CAN Annual Policy Document, Executive Summary, Arabic: Katowice - Spurring the Paris Agreement to Action, November 2018

تقرير الهيئة الحكومية المعنية بتغير المناخ الـ IPCCحول 1.5 درجة مئوية هو صافرة إنذار لتنبيه الإنسانية إلى الحاجة الملحة حول أزمة المناخ. ويبين التقرير أنه ومع نصف درجة مئوية من الحرارة، يمكنه ان يحدث فرقا كبيرا من حيث الآثار وأكثر بكثير مما كان معروفا في السابق.

لكنه يظهر أيضا أن بعض المجتمعات والنظم الإيكولوجية فعليا، يتم إجبارها على حدود التكيف.

يوضح التقرير أيضا الأدوات اللازمة لتحقيق أهداف اتفاقية باريس للحد من ارتفاع درجات الحرارة الى 1.5 درجة مئوية.  والتي تعد ممكنة اقتصاديا وتقنيا، ولكن ينقصها الإرادة السياسية في الوقت الحالي.

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CAN Annual Policy Document, Executive Summary: Katowice - Spurring the Paris Agreement to Action, November 2018

The IPCC report on 1.5°C is a siren alerting humanity to the urgency of the climate crisis. The report shows even half a degree of warming makes a huge difference in terms of impacts; more than was previously known. It also shows that, already, some communities and ecosystems are being forced beyond the limits of adaptation. The report further demonstrates the tools needed to meet the Paris Agreement goal of limiting warming to 1.5°C are within the scope of science and human capability. It is economically and technically feasible, but we need political will right now.

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CAN Briefing: Linkages and recommendations for Parties on the Paris rulebook relating to Articles 4, 6, and 13 of the Paris Agreement, August 2018

 

With only a single technical session remaining before the COP24 negotiations at which the Paris implementing guidelines will be adopted, it is clear that the new mechanisms, frameworks and rules being negotiated in different rooms will need to be connected in order to ensure that the Paris Agreement provides the necessary tools for countries to meet their emission reduction objectives. While the Paris Agreement sets up a plethora of new or updated processes and mechanisms, it should be structured as one coherent package, rather than a set of isolated measures. Therefore, Parties will need to identify all the links between various articles of the Paris Agreement, and ensure that these are properly referenced in the Paris rulebook.

This CAN briefing will focus on the interlinkages between Articles 4, 6, and 13. It is therefore not meant as a definitive guide on interlinkages and should be read in conjunction with other resources providing guidance on connections between other areas of the Paris Agreement. The new flexible mechanisms set up under Article 6 must be inscribed within the Paris Agreement’s overall transparency framework and be consistent with the definitions and objectives established under Article 4 of the Paris Agreement. In particular, Article 6 mechanisms should contribute to, rather than impede, the objectives laid out in Article 4, including those relating to the progression of ambition in Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the extension of NDC scope to economy wide objectives.

The briefing summarises interlinkages CAN has identified between Articles 4, 6 and 13, at a paragraph level. We invite all negotiators to draw from it in order to inform their meeting on linkages on September 3 and throughout the rest of the week at the Bangkok Climate Change Conference (SB48-2 and APA 1-6).

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