The Climate Action Network International (CAN-International) is the world’s largest network of civil society organizations, with 700 member organisations in over 90 countries, working together to address the climate crisis.
The Climate Action Network (CAN) welcomes the opportunity to contribute to the work of SBSTA by giving our
views on the issues identified by SBSTA at its thirty-fourth session, recorded in document FCCC/SBSTA/2011/L.14.
This submission is in three main parts, corresponding to the issues identified by SBSTA:
1. Guidance on a system for providing information on how safeguards referred to in appendix I to decision
1/CP.16 are addressed and respected;
2. Guidance on modalities relating to forest reference emission levels and forest reference levels;
3. Guidance on modalities for measuring, reporting and verifying as referred to in appendix II to decision
In addition, there is a short section on forest definitions which might be considered as part of either the first or
We are encouraged by progress in SBSTA on methodological guidance on REDD+.
The safeguards information system discussion identified commonality between parties concerning:
• the full and effective participation of relevant stakeholders including indigenous peoples and local communities;
• the need to build on existing systems;
• regular international reporting, including biennial reports; and
• participation of observers in Submissions and Expert Meetings and Workshops.
We support the establishment of ‘Principles’ including Transparency, Regularity, Simplicity, Accuracy, Reliability, Participation, and Completeness.
Unfortunately, the continued failure to differentiate ‘natural forests’ from ‘plantations’ means further attention is required to properly address the safeguard against conversion.
We emphasise the urgent need for recourse mechanisms for affected people, in particular indigenous peoples and local communities.
Reference levels should be set to contribute to mitigation of climate change, encourage broad participation of countries, and we support the use of historical baselines for reference emissions levels.
We encourage further discussion on international baselines to address international leakage and the potential to address drivers of deforestation and forest degradation.
Finally, modalities for forest carbon monitoring and MRV will be important to address this year, in particular full and independent review and addressing gaps in COP and IPCC Guidance.