Thank you Chair,
I am Juliane Voigt speaking as a member of the Climate Action Network.
When discussing matters relating to the Kyoto Mechanisms, delegates must remember that the recent IPCC report highlights that the remaining global carbon budget is very small and shrinking fast.
The need to reduce emissions immediately and permanently has never been more vital and urgent. This imperative is in stark contrast with the performance of the CDM and JI to date.
Over two billion offsets have been issued by these Kyoto mechanisms to date. This is a lot. But research shows than only half or fewer of the offsets have resulted in actual emissions reductions. This means that global emissions may have increased by 1 billion tons or more due to these mechanisms.
Given the severe carbon budget restraints we are facing, this is deeply worrying. Both mechanisms need to be fundamentally reformed. We urgently call you to:
· Reform additionality requirements, including shorten the length of crediting periods and
· Require net atmospheric benefit in both mechanisms
· Improve transparency and governance, especially under JI.
· Last but not least, there should be no issuance of JI offsets during the interim period given that it is still unclear if the second Kyoto commitment period will be ratified by Parties.
Thank you chair. My name is Aissatou Diouf and I speak on behalf of Climate Action Network.
Let us be clear, progress on climate finance is a key pre-condition for agreeing a 2015 Paris Package.
This requires developed countries to demonstrate year-on-year increases in public finance. As the LTF Work Programme confirmed, predictability is essential for developing countries to plan action. We are looking forward to announcements on public finance by developed countries to clear up the fog and tell us what is going to be provided now and in the immediate future.
We also need to look beyond: Work on global finance roadmap with agreed interim milestones for how public finance will be scaled up before 2020. This should be complimented by agreement to clarify how finance will be scaled up at a national level. EU finance ministers committed two years ago to identify such pathways. We now urge the EU to live up to that intent, and all other developed countries by agreeing to craft a 2020 global climate finance roadmap backed up by country projections on what finance they will provide, and through which channels, instruments or funds.
This also needs to include action taken to improve the balance between mitigation and adaptation, ensuring that 50% of PUBLIC finance gets allocated to adaptation.
There is increasing developed country enthusiasm for the role that private finance can play in meeting the $100bn commitment - but private finance will not deliver adaptation action in the world's poorest countries and communities, which vitally requires public finance.
Finally, we look forward to this COP moving the GCF towards full operationalization. This must include an explicit confirmation by the COP that a first round of pledges to the GCF is expected for no later than the Ban Ki-moon summit in 2014.
SBI Closing Plenary Intervention
-Delivered by Sebastien Duyck
Thank you Mr Chair,
Climate Action Network came to this session of the SBI with mainly two main expectations.
We are extremely disappointed by the fact that we have not been able to begin reviewing the adequacy of the global deal at the light of the latest science. The review is a crucial near-term opportunity to strengthen action to limit climate change.
We also expected progress towards the establishment of a mechanism to address loss and damage suffered by communities around the planet.
While the discussions in these halls could not even start addressing these important issues, local communities in Germany and in neighboring countries suffered on a daily basis losses and damages from unprecedented floods – not to mention other impacts across the planet.
These issues are not only important to set a necessary sense of urgency for this process but they are also crucial elements of previous agreements and will need to play a key part to an outcome in Warsaw.
In this context, politicizing the process in the way some parties have done over the past weeks is simply unacceptable. We all know here that a solution to this situation will require higher political engagement.
Warsaw will need to put the “I” back in this body and deliver on “implementation”.
Delivered by Simon Bradshaw, Oxfam
CAN Intervention at Special ADP2 Roundtable on 2 May 2013
Thank you, Co-Chairs, for this opportunity!
My name is Mohamed Adow, and I'm speaking for the Climate Action Network.
CAN is calling for an EQUITY REVIEW in parallel with the scientific and political review, by which I mean the first periodical review (2013-15).
This brief intervention will not allow me to explain in detail what I mean with the EQUITY REVIEW, but it will allow me to share this one key point – When pledging their targets, Parties will be aware that their pledges will be reviewed against equity criteria as well.
A first step towards this review would be Parties agreeing to the underlying principles – the equity principles embodied in the Convention. The four core principles, clearly, are adequacy, responsibility, capacity and development need – the principles that must necessarily underlie any DYNAMIC operationalization of CBDR & RC.
In a next step, the Secretariat would invite submissions from equity experts associated with both Parties and Observer organizations. Submissions would focus on the Convention principles, and on indicators that express those principles. It would compile and synthesize these submissions, and solicit expert assessment of their relative implications and of the best manner by which the Parties can use them.
Mr Co-chair, let me stress this point, what is needed is an Equity Reference framework which the Parties can use to review each other’s proposals in the later part of the political negotiations.
The key point is that, when developing their pledges at the national level, Parties would be fully aware of the fact that these pledges will be evaluated against, not only the science, but the Convention’s equity principles as well.
And after the evaluation of the pledges, Parties will want to scale up their pledges according to the suggestions of the scientific and equity reviews
We are calling for a process that allows a COP decision on the EQUITY REVIEW at Warsaw:
- Parties and Observers should be called upon to make submissions to the ADP chairs on relevant equity principles and views on the proposed Equity Review. These submissions should be made by May 27, 2013.
- The Secretariat should organize a Roundtable on equity principles and the Equity Review in June 2013.
- Decisions text should be drafted during the autumn session.
- A decision on the Equity Review should be made at COP19 in Warsaw.