Climate Action Network International (CAN) and Bond Development and Environment Group welcome the call by COP 22 to propose possible activities for the five-year rolling work plan of the Executive Committee. This submission outlines proposed activities for the specific strategic workstream on enhancing action and support, including finance, technology and capacity-building, as mandated by decision 3/CP.22.
The founding document of the Warsaw International Mechanism for Loss and Damage (WIM), agreed at COP 19 in 2013, identified the facilitation and mobilisation of support as a priority. The first three years of the WIM focused on its other functions of: a) enhancing knowledge; and, b) strengthening dialogue and coordination. Thereby the WIM laid important groundwork, on which key conclusions for the way forward still need to be drawn. However, now it is time to address the more difficult areas which have lacked attention, including e.g. climate-related migration, but in particular action and support. In light of the growing loss and damage actually happening, we propose that the WIM should treat finance as a priority for the coming two years - dedicating as much time and resources to the finance (support) workstream as to the other work streams combined. The ExCom should identify the objectives and key activities to reach across 2017 and 2018 as outlined below. Though the 5-year work plan is expected to run into 2021, CAN regards it as crucial to make an ambitious start and deliver activities which make a difference on the ground as soon as possible, and not only by 2021.
Whilst estimates of loss and damage finance needs vary, it is clear that needs are already high and likely to grow. Studies indicate that by mid-century economic global losses and damages costs may exceed $1 trillion per year, with developing countries shouldering the majority of the burden. These loss and damage costs are on top of the costs of adaptation. In this context, and given the WIM mandate to facilitate and mobilise support, the overall objective of this workstream should be to urgently generate finance from predictable, adequate and sustainable sources at a scale of billions of dollars to address loss and damage in developing countries before 2020, and growing after 2020, at a scale sufficient to address the problem over and above the finance provided for adaptation. This will require enhancing the understanding of the nature, types and scales of finance developing countries require. It should also lead to enhanced support for addressing loss and damage immediately and in the near-term, in particular for the poorest and most vulnerable populations.
We propose the following activities for the finance-related work stream as part of the 5-year rolling work plan. Where necessary, this may involve the work of other bodies such as the Standing Committee on Finance, however in an effective manner which does not slow down urgently needed progress on raising funds. Many of these activities should be kick-started as early as possible, at the forthcoming ExCom5 meeting (March 2017).
Thank you Mr. Chair,
I am Anthony Torres from Climate Action Network.
The devastating impacts of climate change are already being felt the world over.
SBI’s recommendations for the Adaptation Committee and the Warsaw International Mechanism to undertake next steps through their work plans are a positive signal for addressing these. CAN expects additional tasks to emerge from the ADP negotiations in order to ensure the scaling up of action to protect the world’s vulnerable.
But we are highly concerned about the outcome of SBSTA and SBI’s Joint Contact Group on the 2013-2015 Review, which failed to provide clear recommendations to build on the findings of three years of robust and intensive scientific work under the Structured Expert Dialogue.
Certain countries’ unwillingness to forward recommendations for next steps to the COP obstruct efforts to prevent further harm and suffering on our planet in peril.
Yet the science has spoken. Limiting warming to 1.5 degrees would avoid many of the disastrous impacts on people and ecosystems that the world’s governments have a legal and moral obligation to prevent.
We call on the COP presidency to take up this vital agenda item and bring it to a fruitful conclusion in the COP.
Thank you, Mr./Madam Co-Chair,
I am Soumya Sudhakar speaking on behalf of Climate Action Network.
2015 was the first year we breached 1 degree of warming above pre-industrial levels, and already, calamitous climate impacts are leaving no region unaffected.
As affirmed by the"2013 – 2015 Review”, there is no question that the 2-degree limit is inadequate for preventing very serious harm to people and ecosystems.
CAN therefore urges SBSTA and SBI to conclude this Review here in Paris with a draft decision on strengthening the ultimate objective of the Convention; and to adopt the 1.5-degree limit as the world’s temperature goal and “defense line”.
Preventing further climate devastation also means addressing the world’s growing adaptation and loss and damage needs.
CAN expects SBSTA and SBI to clear the way for the next steps in the work of the WIM and Adaptation Committee, and to ensure that their work is sufficiently funded to deliver on an ambitious agenda in 2016 and beyond.
We also anticipate affirmation that the WIM will continue its work beyond 2016, on the basis of a new 5-year work plan that should promote new and additional finance and advance on legal and policy frameworks to address loss and damage.
In Paris, the mandate and the work of the 2013 – 2015 review will come to an end.
We have seen scientifically sound, relevant and highly interesting work of the Structured Expert Dialogue, we have learnt that the “guardrail” concept, where up to 2°C of warming is considered safe, is inadequate. Instead we need a long-term goal which makes the defence line as low as possible, ideally 1.5 degrees.
The science of the 2013 – 2015 review is clear, but the political conclusions drawn from its joint contact group (under SBI and SBSTA) were not.
Now in Paris the 2013 – 2015 review is again on the agenda of SBI and SBSTA, but also on the agenda of the COP.
To have prompt access to convincing arguments for a good final result of the 2013 – 2015 review in the attached document you find articles in CANs newsletter eco on the 2013 – 2015 review and CAN submissions on it.
~~To secure a strong outcome in Paris that facilitates ambitious climate action on the ground, a key pillar will be a “finance package” that covers both the pre- and the post-2020 period. Developed countries will have to demonstrate how they are meeting past promises (in particular the $100bn target). For the period after 2020, strong provisions on finance in the Paris Agreement are needed to enable developing countries to enhance their ambition beyond what they can do on their own, laying out the mitigation potential that could be unlocked with scaled-up financial resources. Also, developing countries, particularly the poorest and most vulnerable countries, will require increasing amounts of financial support to adapt to a changing climate and cope with the impacts. This submission outlines the Climate Action Network’s view on the main elements of this finance package for Paris.
As we approach the midpoint of this this vital year for climate action things are heating up. A slew of climate related events, reports and meetings are scheduled throughout May and June, from the UNFCCC Bonn Climate Change Conference to the G7, and the UNGA High Level Event on Climate Change in New York. Beginning in late May, thousands of people around the world will take to the streets in hundreds of different actions to call for solutions to the world's greatest problems climate change, poverty, inequality and unemployment. A wide range of voices, from business leaders, to the top tier of the faith community, youth, labour, and those from frontline communities will raise the pitch of the global chorus calling for the just transition away from a world hooked on fossil fuels, to one powered by 100% renewable energy.
Against this backdrop, negotiators will meet in Bonn to push forward the draft Paris agreement on climate change due to be signed this December.
This page will collate CAN's work on this session.
Thank you Chair,
I am Carmen Capriles speaking on behalf of Climate Action Network.
The IPCC has made it extremely clear that the "limits to adaptation" exceed with greater rates and magnitude of climate change. Already there are several examples of impossible adaptation to intolerable and unavoidable risks such as sea level rise, ocean acidification, and loss of territory and biodiversity.
We need to take appropriate steps here in Lima to quickly operationalize the mechanism. First and foremost, let us establish The Executive Committee by agreeing on its composition and modalities of the Warsaw International Mechanism. The ExCom should mirror the composition of the Adaptation Committee as suggested by developing countries and particularly, a representative from the SIDS and LDCs should be included.
The 2 year work plan, based on the proposal by the initial Executive Committee should be adopted here but there is a clear need to include and strengthen its financial and technical support aspects. The 2015 agreement needs to be informed by the latest scientific analysis, which has been endorsed with high confidence by all countries. CAN demands that loss and damage due to reaching the limits of adaptation should be captured explicitly as a separate element in the agreement.
Thank you Co-Chairs,
I am Neoka Naidoo speaking on behalf of Climate Action Network.
IPCC AR5 highlights the urgent need to scale up adaptation and that limits are being surpassed. There has been notable progress related to the institutional set up for adaptation and loss and damage. The roadmap for developing countries to reduce vulnerability of their populations through the development of National Adaptation Plans is getting clearer. The recent pledges for the Green Climate Fund have provided a much needed boost, though the money must actually flow.
However, needs on the ground are much higher than what is currently on the table. The expected 4 degree increase by the end of the century, according to the current emission reduction trajectory, paints a devastating picture for poor people and ecosystems. In Lima, Parties must ensure that adaptation becomes a central and integral element of the 2015 agreement including a link between expected levels of global temperature increase based on collective mitigation ambition and the support provided to poor countries and communities, recognizing human rights. We also expect progress with regard to support and guidelines for non-LDCs to prepare National Adaptation Plans.
Efforts to operationalize the loss and damage mechanism must be undertaken through the adoption of an ambitious 2 year work plan with both technical and financial capacity to address loss and damage affecting vulnerable populations, countries and ecosystems.