Tag: CAN Intervention

CAN Intervention - LCA 1st Informal on Capacity Building, BKK - September 1st, 2012


SPEAKING NOTES – Pat Finnegan on behalf of CAN-International
  • Thanks and Introduction
  • As the US has noted, words matter. I'd like to respond to her request for any wording that specifies there is still work left to do.
  • First I will add that context also matters. There are now more than 30 Parties in the room. This is more than we have had for a very long time----probably not since as far back as at BKK-2 here 3 years ago (as the EU has already observed)
  • This is an indicator of how the context is changing---momentum may be swinging back to one where CB is afforded the degree of importance and attention it has always deserved (in CAN's view at least)
  • Putting context and words together, we need to go back to Marrakech and 2/CP-7 to find the right words and a mandate for further work
  • In the chapeau to Section VI of 2/CP-17 (the most recent LCA text on CB, which this group agreed in Durban) you will find the following words; "CB should be a continuous, progressive and iterative process that is participatory, country-driven and consistent with national priorities and circumstances"
  • Those words form the basis of the Marrakech Framework for Capacity Building in Developing Countries, which underpins all UNFCCC work on CB. They have been in the chapeau of every COP decision on CB since Marrakech. However, as can sometimes be the case, because they are so basic, sometimes they get forgotten.
  • The three key words here are the adjectives: "continuous", (most importantly) "progressive", and "iterative". Taken together, they mean we are never done (as in fact the EU has already acknowleged)
  • As the EU has also already observed (holding exactly the same view as CAN) while there may well be no Bali Building Block solely for CB (as the US has pointed out, as a reason for discontinuing work) the LCA agreed to create a dedicated discussion precisely because evidence from the ground demonstrates there is still a long way to go on developing capacity for developing countries - action must continue, must be progressive, and must be iterative
  • Jamaica and Burundi in particular have spoken eloquently of the unfulfilled capacity needs that still need to be addressed – precisely the same ones CAN has been emphasising time and time again
  • CAN has also been maintaining for a long time that unless some sort of effective and dedicated CB oversight and co-ordination structure is created, these capacity needs have very little chance of ever being adequately met
  • In this light, we do not unfortunately (referring again to the US emphasis on the importance of words) consider that the Cancun para 137 requirement to further elaborate institutional modalities has been fully implemented by merely establishing the Durban Forum
  • With all due respect to its potential utility as a dialogue, the Durban Forum is only scheduled to meet for one day in 2013 and (presumably) one further day sometime in 2014
  • CAN's suggested yesterday that the LCA could neatly conclude its work on agenda item 3 f) by mandating a COP-18 decision for the COP to supervise an intensive 2 year programme of work in the SBI throughout 2013-2014, offering the opportunity for some concentrated work across and through 4 full sessions of the SBI
  • With sufficient content, this programme might be worthy of being called the Doha Capacity Building Action Plan
  • Thanks again Chair and delegates for this opportunity. We look forward to further opportunities to offer our assistance and views



CAN ADP Intervention - Opening Plenary BKK - August 30, 2012



Thank you Co-Chairs.  My name is Anna Malos and I am speaking on behalf of the Climate Action Network.

For the ADP to succeed, firstly elements of the LCA must be concluded at Doha: ie 2015 as a global peak year, comparable ambition and common accounting.  A KP second commitment period must be adopted – providing momentum and architectural elements for future deals.




CAN Intervention - AWG-ADP Opening Plenary - May 17, 2012


My name is Nina Jamal and I will speak on behalf of the Climate Action Network
Acknowledging the establishment of the Durban platform in COP 17; there is a need to increase ambition immediately AND as part of the comprehensive global climate change agreement to be adopted no later than 2015.  Parties must make progress in Bonn on BOTH in order to ensure that warming stays below 1.5 degrees Celsius and prevent catastrophic climate change.  There are many avenues through which to increase ambition: increasing pledges to the upper range and beyond, new pledges from countries that have NOT yet submitted any, closing loopholes, phasing out fossil fuels subsidies and adopting renewable energy targets.  We could go on! and we hope you do on Monday – but the most important thing is to act and act now.
The Durban Platform must mobilize FINANCE for developing country adaptation and mitigation actions, through an equitable global effort-sharing arrangement, both now and for the longterm. In order to mobilize the  needed finance, additional government budget allocations, new sources linked to carbon pricing mechanisms (such as bunkers), and innovative sources of public finance are required. For example, PHASING out fossil fuel subsidies as soon as possible and the FTT, represent an important potential sources of billions in climate finance from DEVELOPED countries and therefore SHOULD be included in these discussions. 
The ADP should ensure effective delivery of the $100 billion annual commitment by developed countries, in a manner that enables sufficiently ambitious adaptation and mitigation actions. We all know that $100 billion is not enough and the ADP will need to consider and build upon the work of the LCA work programme on long-term finance to further scale up resources.
Beyond 2020, a work plan on equity within the ADP should review contributions to international climate in the context of equity principles, including CBDRRC, and recognising the changing global distribution of capacities and responsibilities. Importantly the ADP must agree a workplan with clear milestones for agreements in 2012, 2013 and 2014 building a path to success by 2015.

CAN Intervention - SBSTA Opening Plenary - May 14, 2012


Mr. Chair, Distinguished Delegates, 
I speak on behalf of Climate Action Network, a global civil society network of over 700 NGOs. There are two  issues I want to speak about and the first is very short, as CAN has pointed out in the past, the status of fossil fuel subsidies should be reported as part of a country’s national communication in order to provide improved transparency on this issue. 
Second  CAN appreciates SBSTA's efforts to  discuss agriculture. Clearly food production in many countries is threatened. Every human being depends on agriculture for his/her very sustenance; most of the rural poor in developing countries depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. Climate change puts all this at risk. 
Agricultural sustainability and enhanced food security, now and in the future, are of critical importance while agricultural activities contribute a significant percentage of greenhouse gas emissions. Addressing these emissions will be critical if we are to achieve the UNFCCC goal of limiting the average global temperature to 1.5 or even 2°C. 
Under the Convention, Parties have agreed to prevent dangerous climate change: so as to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner. 
We recommend that developed countries must progress toward full and comprehensive accounting of the emissions associated with agricultural activities, including bioenergy production and use. For developing country agriculture the priority should be adaptation rather than mitigation. Parties must provide resources for transforming current unsustainable agricultural methods by promoting the development, demonstration, testing and implementation of biodiverse and resilient agriculture together with appropriate technology development and transfer. 
Climate-related policies must include safeguards which protect and promote biodiversity, equitable access to resources, food security, the right to food and the rights of indigenous peoples and local populations, while promoting poverty reduction and climate adaptation. 
Such policies should take into account recommendations from relevant international institutions.
If we fail in our efforts to progressively enable farmers to deal with climate change impacts we will see the complete destruction of rural livelihoods and food security in developing countries. 
Thank you. 

CAN Intervention - Bonn June Closing LCA Plenary - June17, 2011

My name is Manjeet Dhakal and I am from Nepal.
Climate change is already melting glaciers and putting my community at risk.  
The following urgent action is needed to close the ambition gap and keep
warming at a level that my country can adapt to – no more than 1.5 degrees.  
Firstly developed countries must move to the top end of their pledged ranges.   
Secondly, at your next meeting, identify a pathway for developed countries to
increase ambition to more than 40% by 2020 and make this target a
milestone in low carbon development strategies. Show us how you will
decarbonise your economies!
Developing countries can also contribute to global ambition, by more clearly
identifying assumptions, and beginning a process to agree guidelines for
business as usual baselines.  Developing countries should then articulate
how much their mitigation effort could increase with financial and
technological support. Clearly, further technical work is necessary on the
NAMA registry before Durban, to understand how developing country
mitigation effort will be recorded and supported.
If negotiations continue on their current path there is a danger we will create a
Green Climate Fund without any funds!  The current commitments for climate
finance in 2013 are zero.  Parties should provide submissions, and hold
workshops before Durban, on mid and long term sources of funding –
including supplementary innovative sources, such as bunker levies, financial
transaction taxes and special drawing rights.  Including a discussion on
CBDR, no net incidence and compensation.  We do not want to fall off the cliff
of fast start finance, only to see the mountain of long term finance in front of

CAN Intervention - AWG Opening - December 3rd 2007

CAN intervention AWG Monday 3 December 2007 4:30-6 pm

Mr. Chair, excellencies, distinguished delegates, welcome to Indonesia and Bali (say also in Bahasa Indonesia). Thank you for the opportunity to speak on behalf of the over 400 member organizations of the Climate Action Network, my name is Elshinta Suyoso Marsden of WWF-Indonesia.

2007 has been a remarkable climate year already. You have a unique opportunity, indeed responsibility, to crown this year with a Bali mandate that truly delivers on the personal commitments made by almost 100 heads of state to avoid dangerous warming through a post-2012 climate deal.

Like never before, the climate crisis is now in the public spotlight and expectations are very high for this meeting.

The combination of high population density and high levels of biodiversity together with a staggering 80,000 kilometers of coastline and 17,500 islands, makes Indonesia one of the countries most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The impacts are noticeable throughout our Asia-Pacific region; more frequent and severe heat waves, floods, extreme weather events and prolonged droughts will continue to lead to increased injury, illness and death. Continued warming temperatures will also increase the number of malaria and dengue fever cases and lead to an increase in other infectious diseases as a result of poor nutrition due to food production disruption.

The IPCC reports are unequivocal about the impacts the world will experience if we continue down the current path. The IPCC also shows we have the technologies and policy measures we need in order to avoid dangerous climate if, but only if, immediate action is taken.

The Climate Action Network (CAN) wishes to be quite clear in its demands, what we need from Bali is industrialized country leadership - putting warm words into cool action, and living up to commitments, old and new. We also need incentives from industrialized countries to enable developing countries to increase their contributions and do their fair share. This will require new mechanisms that substantially increase the use of low-carbon technologies in developing countries, and other mechanisms to greatly scale-up financial and technological support for adaptation.

The signal from Bali must be clear: a comprehensive negotiation must be launched. This must result, by the end of 2009, in an agreement on substantially greater emissions reductions globally, consistent with achieving the target of staying well below 2 degrees Celcius of warming from pre-industrial levels.

As to the negotiation process under the Kyoto track:
The first task of the AWG is to agree in Bali the indicative range of emissions reductions required from Annex I. CAN believes the scientific basis established by the IPCC commands the reductions will be at least within the currently proposed range of -25 to -40% of 1990 emissions by 2020.

We need to expand the workplan of the Ad-Hoc Working Group (AWG) to include, amongst others, the following important issues related to Annex I commitments beyond 2012.

  • deep emissions reductions in Annex I countries
  •  fair and transparent target sharing criteria for Annex I
  •  analysis of the existing flexible mechanisms
  •  exploration of the scale and modes of finance, investment and technology transfer
  •  expansion of Annex A to include emissions from shipping and aviation

The following para was not delivered but distributed to delegates as part of the printed statement, at the request of the UNFCCC.

As to the Convention track, there is a real need to formalise the Dialogue. As Brazil stated in Bonn: “Discussions in the absence of negotiations cannot prosper”. The lessons from the Dialogue must be taken up in formal negotiations under the Convention that explore how industrialized countries will incentivise the enhanced actions by developing country to decarbonise their development.

The mandate for this working group on the Bali roadmap should include, amongst others, the following important elements:

  • the overall level of ambition, based on a review of the best-available science, to keep global temperature increases as far below 2ºC as possible
  • launching negotiations to increase the contributions from developing countries
  • a fair and equitable process to define the fair share of each country
  • rapidly increasing support for the most vulnerable to adapt to unavoidable climate impacts
  • technology cooperation
  • a mechanism to guarantee reliable incentives to rapidly reduce absolute emissions from tropical deforestation and degradation in developing countries, which recognises the rights of Indigenous Peoples and the sovereignty of developing countries over their forests
  • an effective compliance regime.

Delivery resumed here...

Formal negotiations on both the Convention and Kyoto track should be concluded in 2009, to allow sufficient time for agreement to enter into force before the 31st of December 2012.

If global emissions are to peak by 2015, as the IPCC reports shows they should, what we agree in Bali is absolutely critical.

Do we condemn ourselves to suffer the litany of irreversible dangerous climate impacts laid out in the IPCC report, or do we embrace a sustainable future?

Negotiators, the world is looking to you to make the right decisions.


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