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#BlackLivesMatter

#BlackLivesMatter - Messages of Solidarity from across the CAN Network

By Tasneem Essop, CAN International Executive Director

We are bearing witness to unprecedented actions by the Trump-led government in the US. The deployment of the military on domestic soil is not only unconstitutional, but also a chilling signal that America is hurtling towards fascism. Trump has, in effect, declared war on his own citizens.

We have witnessed unbelievably violent responses by the police in many cities across the US in reaction to the justified and necessary protests against the horrific murder of George Floyd who was killed by a policeman in Minneapolis. Thousands have been arrested, spurring protests in cities across the world in an important demonstration of global solidarity.

All of this takes place within the context of the current COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic is impacting Black and brown communities disproportionately in the US, as it is everywhere else. It has laid bare the fault-lines of poverty and inequality in that country and the world.

The disproportionate burdens that Black and brown people, especially those living in poverty and suffering inequality across the world, face, is also fundamentally a feature of the climate crisis. Those bearing the worst impacts of climate change are not responsible for the cause of the climate crisis. The very systems that have contributed to the climate crisis has systemic racism built into its fabric. This is the climate injustice that we all need to fight against.

While we are struggling to deal with the COVID-19 crisis and while we are fighting racial injustice and autocratic rule in the US and elsewhere, many people are continuing to suffer  the destructive impacts of climate change. The violence of the loss of life, livelihoods, homes and safety is devastating. And yet again, it is mainly Black and brown bodies on the line. We have seen this in the Pacific with cyclone Harold and in Bangladesh and India with Cyclone Amphan. Mega-swarms of locust, heatwaves, floods and landslides are all threatening millions with hunger and conflict and exacerbating the social and economic insecurity caused by the pandemic.

As a network we stand for equity, justice and human rights and we have recognised the fundamental connection between social and climate justice. It is now incumbent on us to express our support for those fighting racial injustice in the US right now, but it is also important for us to reflect the fight against racial injustice and systemic racism in all the work we do on climate, including the way we work, our policy positions and ensuring that our decision-making structures and platforms are inclusive.

We stand in solidarity with all our colleagues and allies in the US during these tragic and turbulent times and call for justice for George Floyd, Ahmad Arbary, Nina Pop, Breonna Taylor, Tony McDade and all other Black and brown women and men who have been subjected to police violence and systemic racism in the US.

Typhoon Vongfong Displaces 150,000 during a Pandemic in the Philippines

"Already stretched having to deal with the devastating effects of Covid-19, the Philippines faced a double whammy when Typhoon Vongfong made landfall on May 15 forcing the mass evacuation of up to 150,000 into emergency shelters.

Having to deal with a humanitarian crisis during a pandemic requiring social distancing was described as complicated. According to Associated Press, rescuers and volunteers had wear face masks and protective suits while evacuation rooms which could previously shelter up to 40 families could only accommodate four families.

Typhoon Vongfong caused an estimated US$43 million in damage and killed five people. Categorised as the first named storm of 2020 season in the West Pacific, it is indicative of more typhoons to come over the year. Extreme weather events (EWE) are not going to take a pause just because a pandemic is raging.

If there is no shift from a carbon-intensive economy globally, EWEs will be a recurring theme in the region of Southeast Asia where four countries – including the Philippines – were listed among the 10 most affected countries according to the Long-Term Climate Risk Index (CRI) for the period 1999-2018. As these events also result in huge economic losses for the countries and region, it makes economic sense for the global community to address the overarching cause of climate change by increasing climate ambition."

- Nithi Nesadurai, Regional Coordinator, CAN Southeast Asia

 

“Typhoon Vongfong is a grim reminder of the harsh climate realities faced by our cities and communities already suffering from a devastating public health crisis and economic uncertainties. We will always face the perils of extreme weather and low-onset events unless we radically shift away from dirty, business-as-usual economic models that put profit over people's well-being and the environment. Climate and public health considerations should always be at the forefront as post-pandemic nations move forward to a new and better normal.”

- Rei Panaligan, President, Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology, Philippines

 

Photo: Philippine Army

Why Indonesia should Raise Climate Ambition

By: Nithi Nesadurai, CAN Southeast Asia Regional Coordinator

If there is one country which raises the profile of Southeast Asia and ASEAN, it is Indonesia. First and foremost, because of its huge geographic spread, population of more than 273 million and membership to G20.

Additionally, as one of the world’s 12 most mega biodiversity countries, it has played a prominent and progressive role in both the Biodiversity and Climate Change convention negotiations hosted by the United Nations.

In its intended nationally determined contributions (INDC), Indonesia had pledged to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 26% below the business as usual (BAU) level by 2020 through unilateral actions, and by 41% with international support through bilateral cooperation.

This original NDC target was considered relatively high by Indonesian officials compared to other countries, including industrialised nations. Subsequently, this target was mainstreamed into government policy by the low carbon development strategy developed in 2019 to achieve economic benefits by transitioning to development with a lower carbon footprint.

This led many to look forward to an announcement from the Indonesian Government of raised climate ambition and higher targets in its revised NDC. During a discussion hosted by NDC Partnership on 11 May, senior Indonesian government officials said it was not going to happen because of the adverse economic effects of Covid-19. As a result, Indonesia will retain its original targets of 26% and 41% respectively.

While the pandemic has adversely affected Indonesia’s economy in general, this has resulted in huge reductions in energy-related emissions from the industrial, transportation and commercial building sectors. It would have been an opportune moment for the revised NDC to build on this trend and create a new normal with an enhanced emissions reduction target prioritising renewable energy and energy efficiency.

This would have provided leadership to other ASEAN countries to follow in its path. After all new research1 shows every country in the world would be economically better off if all could agree to strengthen commitments on the climate crisis through international cooperation. Conversely, weak action would lead to steep economic losses and losses of life.

 

1 Wei, Y., Han, R., Wang, C. et al. Self-preservation strategy for approaching global warming targets in the post-Paris Agreement era. Nat Commun 111624 (2020) https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-15453-z

In 2020, the power of people must defeat failing politics : Tasneem Essop, CAN Executive Director

 

This blog first appeared as an article on Thomson Reuters Foundation 

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We cannot cheer incrementalism when what we need is transformational change

2020 was pitched as a goalpost for climate ambition. A moment when the fog of political apathy would clear and governments moved by the mass strikes, the unwavering evidence from science and a commitment to honest governance would line up to deliver new climate targets that collectively cut global emissions by half by 2030.

There should have been substantial money on the table this year. A cumulation of the $100 billion a year that rich countries owe developing countries in climate finance, as was promised in 2009. 

Developed countries should have fulfilled their pre-2020 emission reduction commitments for an equitable transition to a zero-carbon future.  

By now governments should have agreed to a “loss and damage” funding mechanism as a lifeline of support and a means of justice to those suffering unavoidable climate damages. 

The 20 largest economies in the world should have ceased all new fossil fuel production and phased out harmful subsidies.

Following the debacle of COP25 in Madrid last December where large emitters, backed by the fossil fuel lobby, steadfastly blocked progress we now see them continue their regressive tactics at home. 

The Canadian government, in total violation of its own climate promises, is allowing a 670-km fossil gas pipeline to run through Indigenous people’s land. Japan is set to approve 22 new coal mines that will lock in emissions for decades. The Australian government continues to justify its addiction to coal even as the country is up in flames. The Bolsonaro government has submitted a bill to permit commercial mining on Indigenous people’s land. The United States, one of the largest emitters, has literally left the party but is still eating the cake. 

At the start of 2020, let’s take a moment to condemn the litany of lies and broken promises that have exacerbated this climate and ecological crisis. We grieve the loss of lives, lands, livelihoods and ecosystems that are a direct result of bad faith politics, of putting profit ahead of people especially the most vulnerable people in the global South.

If 2019 comes to be remembered as the year that the climate emergency finally broke through mass consciousness, 2020 must be remembered as the year that we stop shifting the goalposts to accommodate our weak leaders and mobilise the power of people to tip the scales towards lasting change.
It is time to not only hold those in power to account, but to let them feel the consequences of their inaction. Let us understand what is needed to do this and build our collective strength and courage.

We can no longer cheer meaningless incrementalism disguised as climate progress when what is needed is transformational change. There is no excuse to pivot to net-zero 2050 climate targets that defy science and principles of equity without taking immediate decisions to cut emissions at source. 

As we embark into a new era of organising and mobilisation in this ‘decade of climate ambition’, let us ask ourselves what international solidarity really means in a climate crisis. What will it take to tackle the ‘most powerful’ head on? How far are we willing to challenge ourselves in this long arc towards climate justice? How can we become better allies, build stronger and more inclusive networks and sustain each other through periods fraught with inevitable setbacks?   

While the youth and school strikers have had an enormous impact in such a short time, there is a diversity of resistance movements and frontline defenders from around the world to learn from and to learn about

We can begin by unpacking and unlearning assumptions, checking our impulses and privilege and stand ready to cede space and power to new voices and those historically marginalised. It is time to articulate and put into practice a climate activism that straddles social justice and labour movements, that fights racism and inequality and demands the full rights for Indigenous peoples. We must do this without diminishing, tokenizing or appropriating voices and victories from these inter-connected struggles.

Let us acknowledge the complexity of the task ahead and get prepared. Our foes are organised, desperate and willing to hold onto the status quo through any means. Politicians may lie to us and the fossil fuel cartel is frantically recycling misinformation to obfuscate the facts.
Unleashing the power of people in unity, respect and love is a critical responsibility this year. Now is the time to get this right. In 2020 we cannot afford to settle for what is “realistic” we must get what is necessary. 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

Fossil of the Day 13 December 2019

Brazil receives Colossal Fossil Award at COP25 in Madrid

Today the winner of the Colossal fossil may not come as a surprise to many. Yes there is a country that really outdone others in destroying the climate concretely on the ground and in the negotiations, attacking and killing the very people who are protecting unique ecosystems: indigenous people.

Brazil is the winner of CAN´s COP25 colossal fossil.

What a difference a year makes. Cradle of the UNFCCC and widely praised for impressive emission cuts in the last decade, Brazil has become a climate pariah. Eleven months into the far-right government of Jair Bolsonaro, the South American country has joined the United States as one of the main threats to the Paris Agreement.

Bolsonaro, self-dubbed “Capitan Chainsaw”, has managed to kill environmental policies that helped Brazil achieve spectacular emission reductions in the past decade. The results were the highest Amazon deforestation rates in a decade, a spike in land invasions and the murder of three indigenous leaders just this week. The government is also cracking down on environmentalists – who Bolsonaro famously blamed for setting fire to the jungle. 

Brazil had some bizarre behaviors in Madrid, such as blocking mention to human rights on article 6.4 and opposing language on “climate emergency” in the COP decision. And the usual ones, like insisting on lose accounting rules for article 6.4 and on flooding the market with rotten Kyoto credits in order to appease old lobbies that got pink badges for Madrid – unlike civil society. Jair Bolsonaro is a walking carbon bomb who no doubt deserves this great achievement, the Colossal Fossil.

And much more.

 

Ray of the Year goes to Indigenous People and the Youth

Despite continuous discrimination and risk, indigenous people have fought to save the environment since the beginning of time. Today more than ever and despite suffocating closing on their space, they continue to fight at the forefront of climate struggles. For this and for simply existing and challenging systemized monocultures, they systematically get oppressed - often having to hold space with patience, love, and resilience, despite all the violence they face on a daily basis. This COP25, which originally was supposed to be held in Chile, where access was easier, was a golden opportunity to express themselves. But another oppressive government decided to change that and the COP shifted to Madrid. Still, they showed up and raised their voices. Despite exclusion and silencing, they continue to safeguard environmental and cultural diversity and integrity..

 

Young people around the world have mobilized millions of people to march on the streets, fighting desperately for their lives and their future. It’s not inspiring - indeed it’s downright depressing - that they have to mobilise like this just to get a halfway decent future, but it’s their resilience, their courage, and their determination to never let politicians get away with destruction of their hopes and dreams that is truly inspiring. They have been called radical, yet what is truly radical is to continue blitzing the world with fossil fuels. What’s truly radical, is to pretend that the cost of action is somehow greater than the cost of inaction; the cost of the future, the cost of entire civilisations. Young people’s mobilisation forced Governments to act, demonstrated the power of the people, and inspired so many. 

 

These beacons of hope deserve CAN´s Ray of the Year. Power to the people.

Fossil of the Day 12 December 2019

Fossil of the Day at COP25 - December 12th

Today we have in first place for the fossil of the day award the United States of America (USA) (again and again)!

The main reason is for generally really standing in the way of any money going to the people suffering from climate change. This has been going on for at least six years. This should really raise eyebrows about the country´s lack of empathy. Are there real people in office in the US People with actual hearts? Or have they replaced their humanity with a lump of coal?

First inhumanity, and now they put on full display their paranoia! They are afraid of being held accountable for causing droughts in Africa. They are afraid of being held accountable for the drowning of the Pacific; the destruction of entire civilisations. Actually, they should be held accountable but this is not what the Paris Agreement is about. It is about international cooperation, no developing country talked about liability. Yet the US insists on language on liability and compensation in the draft COP Decision text on the Review of the Warsaw International Mechanism on Loss & Damage (WIM).

Hey US you are on your way out, you are not giving a single dollar to the Green Climate Fund and now you don’t want any help to get to the people bearing the brunt of the mess you created! And still, you want to be part of the WIM’s Executive Committee! Pay up or step out, let others move forward already.

The Second Fossil of the Day award goes to developed countries with special mention to the European Union, Canada and Australia for showing lack of ambition in responding to vulnerable peoples’needs on loss and damage.

The WIM Review unofficially began on December 1st, and the overwhelming message was that finance to address loss and damage must be an outcome of COP25.

Two weeks later, poor and vulnerable countries and civil society are wondering if developed countries attended a different meeting on December 1st.

While we acknowledge they have been less problematic than the US, developed countries, including Australia, Canada and the European Union have done very little very late to advance discussions on loss and damage finance age. It’s especially confusing when all three have agreed that existing climate finance is insufficient. Anyhow, aren’t they the rich people in the room? And part of the club that caused the problem in the first place? Why is it so difficult for them to pay for the damages they are still causing.  Also…hey Canada… isn’t high time you differentiate yourself from cronies like Australia and the US? 

It is beyond us to understand how developed countries can sit by and continue to twiddle their thumbs whilst vulnerable communities in developing countries experience severe losses and damages. You have one day left to show you want to be on the right side of history!

 

The third fossil award goes to Australia - for using carbon market loopholes to meet its climate targets

We award this fossil to Australia for planning to cheat the atmosphere by carrying over its credits from the Kyoto protocol. Instead of cutting greenhouse gas pollution, Australia is using creative accounting. Please bear with us now: Australia plans to count surplus carbon credits from exceeding previous targets against future targets. Regrettably, this was allowed under the old Kyoto protocol, but it is not even mentioned in the Paris agreement. No country in though about such trickery.

To make things worse, since the Paris Agreement is a new and separate treaty, this is not even legal stuff! 

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Time to Act Against Undue Influence and Corruption

On December 9, the world celebrated anti-corruption day, and on December 10 human rights day. These topics keep evaporating at COP. Why is ambition still lacking when we have the solutions, technologies, and the money? Solving the climate crisis is possible, but vested economic interests, corporate capture, and a lack of political will are in the way. CAN is calling on Parties to commit to good governance and act with the highest degree of integrity when deciding on the future of our planet; a conflict of interest policy is urgently needed for the UNFCCC.

We need to end undue influence now

Political interference from vested interests prevents measures being taken to solve the climate crisis and can redirect the negotiations toward solutions that don’t align with the science and which undermine ambition. A recent report shows that the world’s five largest oil and gas companies spent over US$1 billion on climate-related branding and lobbying since the Paris Agreement. This must change; the way that lobbying and campaign financing is regulated at national levels must improve. 

Corruption and political interference take many forms, from self-enrichment to the blocking, delaying, and watering down of key policy-making.

The fossil fuel industry and other emission-intensive industries have a long and well-documented history of undermining the UNFCCC and other bodies. Through their interference and corrupt practices, crucial outcomes of this process – including, for example, the Kyoto Protocol itself – have been stalled, blocked or undermined. We need to remove the undue influence of fossil fuel companies and other high-emitting corporations from the halls of the UNFCCC. To that end, Parties must join the governments, representing more than 70% of the world’s population, who called for a conflict of interest policy in 2016 and have continued to demand one since. The US, the EU and Australia, who all have variations of such policies in their national legislative bodies should be champions for this, not opponents! A policy such as this will give governments the precedent they need to root out interference at home, and make way for a just transformation.

Corruption risks in key sectors

The world needs to take crucial steps towards a greener future, including phasing out fossil fuels, protecting forests, improving sustainable transportation, and deploying renewable energy sources. These actions all involve industries with particularly high corruption risks and histories of climate denial or policy interference, such as construction, forestry and fossil fuels. For example, the World Bank estimates that 20-40% of water sector finances are lost to corrupt practices. Similar rates apply for the transport and energy sectors. In some sectors, this is exacerbated by criminal activities; in countries that produce tropical timber, 50-90% of the volume of all forestry is illegal.

Countries that are especially vulnerable to the impacts of climate change often have higher levels of public sector corruption and political interference from corporate actors. Instead of improving peoples’ lives, financial flows — along with other climate policies — might not reach the frontline communities most affected by the impacts of the climate crisis. Corruption harms the environment and slows down progress towards all Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): we need to keep transparency, accountability and integrity at the core of the Paris Agreement.

Protect civic space & environmental defenders

Where corruption thrives and rule of law is weak, those standing up against environmental crimes are risking their lives. Death rates among environmental activists have been rising steadily over the past 15 years. Since 2002, over 1500 people – farmers, NGO workers, lawyers and journalists – have been killed for defending their environment and lands.

We must protect those who protect the environment, and end impunity for crimes against them. Laws that protect human rights must be properly enforced. Legal intimidation and criminalisation of activists has to end. We also need reliable access to information, safe channels to report corruption, and laws to protect whistle-blowers. We must create and protect spaces for citizen participation, because civil society engagement is key to effective decision-making and sustained support for climate action. Parties from Latin America and the Caribbean must sign and ratify the Escazu agreement.

We can’t tackle the climate crisis without tackling corruption

We can only solve the climate crisis if we safeguard policymaking from the interference of the industries who have so richly profited from driving this crisis. We must prevent corruption and make sure global climate policy serves the interests of all people and the planet, not just a few private concerns. For action against climate change to be effective, we urgently need to shift perspectives and step up efforts towards transparency, accountability, and integrity. The UNFCCC has a key role to play in this by advancing policies that protect against conflicts of interest and maintain the integrity and legitimacy of the negotiations. We must make good governance the cornerstone of the fight against climate change, and therefore of the Paris Agreement; a first urgent step is to agree on a conflict of interest policy.

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NDCs <3 SDGs

Six long months ago CAN published a briefing on climate change and the SDGs which rightly sought to bring the discussion way beyond goal 13 on climate change. In this, it argued that efforts to achieve all the goals are dependent on efforts to respond to global heating. The clue is in the ‘sustainable’. Similarly, responding to the climate crisis depends on advances made towards the development goals.

As the IPCC 1.5ºC report said: “sustainable development supports and enables the fundamental societal and systems transitions and transformations that will help limit global warming to 1.5°C. It can achieve ambitious mitigation and adaptation in conjunction with poverty eradication and efforts to reduce inequalities”.

Several SDG themes (i.e. socio-economic sectoral categories) are addressed by numerous climate actions, indicating that there are multiple opportunities for policy coherence. This can be a major contribution of climate action to the delivery of coherent delivery of Agenda 2030.

Analysis has shown that links between existing NDCs and the SDGs are found in the areas of water, food and energy.

Despite environmental goals being represented in a bunch of the NDCs, many countries do not make explicit plans to realise potential for nature-based solutions that could help deliver SDG 14 (life below water) and 15 (life on land), as well as contributing to climate mitigation and resilience.

The social SDGs are highly under-represented in NDC commitments compared to the environmental and economic goals; in particular health, education and gender equality (SDGs 3, 4 and 5, respectively).

NDCs should reflect the findings of the IPCC on climate-resilient development pathways and “the importance of addressing structural, intersecting inequalities, marginalisation, and multidimensional poverty” to “transform the development pathways themselves toward greater social and environmental sustainability, equity, resilience, and justice”.

Given the multiple connections between climate vulnerability and poverty, more ambitious NDCs should account for social as well as the environmental goals of Agenda 2030.

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Two Sides of the Same Coin: A Youth Perspective on Climate and Social Crisis

The twin traumas of social and environmental crises are bearing down on citizens around the world, but political leaders lack the passion and ambition needed to address thelooming catastrophe. In some places, they lack even simple acknowledgement and acceptance. To get a better sense of what happens outside the walls of COP, ECO spoke with youth from Chile and Mexico, and their experiences show how stark the contrast is between the struggles of people on the ground and the attitudes of their leaders. The people in charge could learn a thing or two about working together from these youth.

What’s clear is that the climate crisis and the social crisis are two sides of the same coin, and need to be addressed together in order to fully be addressed at all.

Chileans are facing enormous challenges with their government. And because COP25 was supposed to be there instead of here, let’s hear from a Chilean youth as COP comes to a slow, unsteady end.

What the world, and even Chile’s own government, doesn’t understand is how most Chileans are alarmingly exposed to the disastrous effects of the environmental catastrophe. Because of extreme social and economic differences, the 1% live comfortably and ignore the social issues that affect the most vulnerable. People are waking up, but no matter how much they protest, the government is not listening.According to politicians, youth have no voice to speak with.

It is inconceivable that there is not a single drop of empathy from politicians who watch from afar while their own city burns to the ground and rots from the inside out.

In Mexico, being an environmental activist is a heavy, dangerous task. ‘Disappeared,’ ‘found dead,’ ‘gone missing.’ These are words and phrases that we see in the news every day. Chilling images under countless names — as much as one tries to ignore the headlines, fear builds in our hearts — is the risk, the fight, even worth it? How can anyone expect people to fight the climate crisis when their own safety is being threatened every day?

Fear and safety are boiling issues in this country. Mexicans face the displacement of millions, loss and extinction of species, and the segregation of vulnerable groups like women and Indigenous Peoples. All these issues are escalating on account of the climate crisis.

These are only a few of the ways people’s rights are being threatened, and it’s time for countries to address both sides of the coin. No one said leading a country was easy, but our leaders signed up for it. And now it's time for them to deliver.

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Solving the Climate and Biodiversity Emergencies

We know that life on Earth is facing two interlinked emergencies – climate, and biodiversity – both of which result from human pressure on the natural world, and both of which have only a small window of time left in which we can act to solve them.

Each crisis makes the other worse. Every time we clear or log a forest, drain a wetland, dry out a peatland, bleach a coral reef, over-exploit a fish stock, trawl a seagrass bed or dam a wild river, we make things worse, whether exacerbating the climate crisis, or further damaging biodiversity; in turn, reducing ecosystem integrity and stability. Carbon, formerly safely stored in those ecosystems, is released.  Once damaged, these natural ecosystems are then more vulnerable to further loss and damage from drought, fire, acidification, deoxygenation and climate change.  All of which risks increasing the release of GHGs to the atmosphere and making the future for biodiversity on which our lives depend ever more tenuous. Indigenous peoples appreciate this more than most, often having a closer and deeper relationship with nature; yet their wisdom is ignored, their territories invaded and destroyed, and their human rights disregarded in the name of the most climate- and nature-unfriendly initiatives.

Preventing further damage, and improving the integrity of natural and agricultural ecosystems is urgent. We can and must draw a line under the downwards spiral we are on. Unless we act to solve both emergencies together, we will likely fail on both.

The good news is that conversations at this COP have started to occur on the need to promote integrated solutions – and where better than in revised NDCs, that must be developed early next year? Synergistic implementation of the Rio Conventions can and must be achieved.  ECO thinks it's time to operationalize the ecosystem provisions of the UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement. We hope COP25 sets a path for robust action to protect and restore biodiversity and ecosystem integrity at COP26… Something the Paris Agreement calls on all Parties to achieve

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